Any rules for “-ich” and “-itch” word endings?

Sometimes people are confused between -ich and -itch.

For example, I saw someone make a mistake by using swich instead of switch.

I wonder, are there any rules for which words have -ich ending and others have -itch ending?


There’s not exactly a “rule”, but most words with this rhyme are spelled with “itch” and not “ich”. See RhymeZone on “witch”: the only common words it has spelled with “ich” are “which” and “rich” (for some reason it doesn’t list “sandwich” or “ostrich”; perhaps because these words aren’t stressed on the last syllable, or perhaps because they are often pronounced with a voiced final consonant, like “midge”).

This pattern also applies when other short vowels precede a “tch” sound, like in the words “patch”, “etch”, “butch”, “splotch”.

It might be compared to the usual use of the special spellings “dge” (as in “fridge”) and “ck” (as in “stick”) after short vowels to represent word-final /d͡ʒ/ and /k/ respectively (the sounds represented by “j” and “k” in other contexts). There are a small number of exceptions to these patterns as well, like “allege” and “sac”.

Source : Link , Question Author : sevenOfNine , Answer Author : herisson

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