argument VS discussion VS reason VS debate [closed]

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I understand these words have different meanings and that the answer for question 4 is A.

However, how do I explain the difference between the other options? Why can we not say debate, reason and discussion? My best answer so far is that “argument just sounds good with this gap”.

Thanks in advance for the help.

Answer

I’m not crazy about this test, since the word choices frequently have overlapping meaning which can be best understood when the words appear in context, and often difficult to ingest simply by reading a dictionary.

To answer your question: A “discussion” is when two people talk about some topic. A “debate” (when used as a noun) is a discussion, often formalized, which includes an argument for and against the main topic. Since there is only one person (Aristotle), writing for a particular point of view, there is neither discussion nor debate.

(Note that you can debate something with yourself, but only if you are not sure which side of the debate you agree with.)

In a similar way we can say a “reason” is a logical series of principles that explain a certain point of view. An “argument” is the same thing, with the assumption that the point of view is in doubt, and needs someone to promote one side.

In this context, “argument” fits best. Aristotle argues that we must do certain things “for their own sake”. The other side of the argument is that we always do things “for the sake of something else”. I don’t know what, exactly, Aristotle means by this but I can tell it is indeed an argument.

Now, if Aristotle were to stand up in the Ancient Greek agora and argue this philosophy with someone else, that would be called a “debate”.

Attribution
Source : Link , Question Author : Valentine , Answer Author : Andrew

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