Better way to express “X and [A and B] Y” than “X as well as A and B Y”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate:
Overusing “and” and how to fix it

I often need to express something along the lines of X and Y, where Y is two things, e.g.

Cindy owns a boat and [both red and blue] cars.

Using “and” in both places is somewhat ambiguous, so I often resort to “as well as”:

Cindy owns a boat as well as both red and blue cars.

This feels too wordy, and it sounds awkward if I start to use it too frequently. Is there a better solution?


This example may be too simple. Here’s a more complex example (from my comment below) where the adjectives are only applicable to one of the two nouns and there’s more than two adjectives:

Last summer, Joe learned about computer programming as well as Indian, Chinese, Russian and Irish culture.


None of these seems “redundant”:

  • Cindy owns a boat and red and blue cars.
  • Cindy owns red and blue cars, and a boat.
  • Cindy owns red and blue cars, and a boat, too.

The real problem is that you are giving the cars a color but not the boat, so this sentence fails on parallelism, and makes the reader wonder whether you might have left something out.

Source : Link , Question Author : jd39 , Answer Author : tchrist

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