‘both (nouns)’ vs ‘both the (nouns)’

Racial stereotypes, like so
many other forms of prejudice (gender, class), have an extraordinary capacity to
convey perceptions (and feelings) of the Other which bear little, if any, relationship to
external reality. However, these highly distorted images, instead of being recognized
for what they are, are understood as real- world entities. So powerfully can stereotypes
substitute for reality that the racist can see in both ♦ black and Jew, even when they are
directly perceived, qualities the very opposite of those that are being observed.

Source: Racism in Europe by Neil McMaster, Palgrave, 2001

At the black lozenge, why isn’t there the indefinite article ‘the’? ‘black and Jew’ are 2 nouns?

Source: p 94, Mastering the National Admissions Test for Law, Mark Shepherd

Answer

‘The’ is the definite article. ‘A/an’ is the indeifinite.

The author here uses these singular nouns (black and Jew) to refer to both races in general. It is not an atypical construction, I just don’t happen to know its formal name. I think it can be fairly equated to him saying (blacks and Jews). Since it is a general reference the definite article is not used.

See

http://www.englishteachermelanie.com/grammar-when-not-to-use-the-definite-article/

Attribution
Source : Link , Question Author : NNOX Apps , Answer Author : samizdat

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