I was reading about the meaning of “stand by”.Then in an example, I encountered these:
And will they go beyond the usual GOP standbys, like tort reform and selling health insurance across state lines?
I think it should be torting.
Mohamed Sabual used to stand by silently as he (used to/had) heard classmates and other youths mocking Muslims.
I think sentence has omissions. Should the sentence be better with those in the bracket?
tort is a legal term meaning an action that is wrong but can be dealt with in a civil court rather than a criminal court. it is a noun, so there is no such thing as torting. Tort reform is a change to the legal system- specifically, changes to the laws about tort.
I think that you are confused about the meaning of as in this sentence: it means while, or during the time that. After used to, the meaning is probably closer to whenever. If you replace it with whenever, do you still think the sentence is incomplete?
Mohamed Sabual used to stand by silently whenever he heard classmates and other youths mocking Muslims.