What is the literal meaning (and the origin) of “v”?

“And that hashtag is wrong. It should always be v not vs. The ‘v’ never stood for versus, it stood for ‘vel’, meaning ‘or’. As in, ‘The gladiator or the lion is coming out of that arena alive.’” #WIvsENG https://twitter.com/ucsoldboyscc/status/1094362086216482817 “And ‘versus’ wasn’t even the way to say ‘against’, in that sense. That probably would’ve … Read more

Hyphenation in “first century AD” etc as an adjective

I edit a lot of articles that contain phrases such as “A first century AD inscription…” or “First century BC writer Herodotus…” I know that a compound adjective before a noun is usually hyphenated, so if the phrase were just “A first-century inscription” I would hyphenate accordingly, but “A first-century-AD inscription”, despite seeming grammatically correct, … Read more

What does “d-d” mean? Possible 19th century profanity?

I have several quotes of late-19th-century speech (by British men) which use the abbreviation “d-d” for a word. I’m not sure what it means, but from the context I assume this is profanity of some sort. Here’s an example: It was you brought me up this d-d hill. Any ideas? Answer The word here really … Read more