Single verb to refer a reader to the source of information in academic English

I would like to refer a reader in my research text to the source of information. I wrote in my thesis: “confer Proposition X” or “confer Section A”. However, the reviewers suggested I should use instead something like “we refer the reader to Proposition X”. I would like to avoid this long form, as I … Read more

Formal way of saying “dig it out”

I am writing an academic manuscript to describe the action of “digging certain stuff out.” For instance, given an image containing several pedestrians, my image analysis techniques can extract those pedestrians as separate small images. While “digging pedestrians out of the background image” seems legit, it sounds a bit too verbal to me. Therefore, I … Read more

Do I have to use “I” or “we” when orally presenting my scientific thesis written by a single author?

I know that in a scientific paper or thesis made by a single author, it is common to use we. (This is also recommended at our university.) But what about when you alone are presenting a thesis work orally? At first glance, it is quite odd to use we when the work is written only … Read more

Using phrases in email to prof (academic)

1. “I hope you are doing well” Will be it polite, if I write it in an email to Proff/start an email with it? He was ill, and we wrote me about it 2. Thank you for taking time from your busy schedule to meet with me How to use this sentense in past tense? … Read more

How do you describe a study which attempts to isolate the compounding effect of factor A on factor B?

Shameless cry for academic help here. I’m working on my thesis, which is a study that will focus on the compounding effect of group dynamics on persuasive technology. The control and treatment group will be given daily SMS notifications encouraging them to walk, but the control group will be participating as disparate individuals, and the … Read more

Why do psychology researchers frequently misplace commas, in relationship to coordinating conjunctions?

If a comma belongs next to a coordinating conjunction, it should precede (see Should I use a comma before "and" or "or"?, However, many of published research articles I’ve viewed as a psychology student, and I believe the majority of my textbooks, frequently place the comma after a coordinating conjunction. It’s extremely frustrating; it’s … Read more

Past or present tense when reporting the views of another?

When reporting the views of another person, what tense should I use? Here are three fragments of a paragraph from a text I am currently writing: “Another objection is that Friedman overestimates the importance…”, “Against [this], Wilfrid Hodges protests that… “, “…many arguments that Kant regarded as purely logical are…”. My intuition is that I … Read more