What is the difference between these two sentences? “If A is true, then B is true” and “Since A is true, B is true”

Consider the following two sentences: If A is true, then we can conclude that B is true. Since A is true, we can conclude that B is true. I have two questions: What is the difference between two sentences above? “Since A is true, then we can conclude that B is true.” Is this sentence … Read more

Trying to understand the logic behind this sentence: The lecture will be given if at least ten people are there

I am not really sure whether my question is suitable here, but I will give it a try. Consider the following sentence: The lecture will be given if at least ten people are there. From the perspective of everyday speech, which statement below will be equivalent to the sentence above: "At least ten people" is … Read more

“following conditions exists” or “all of the following conditions exist”

In a technical description I’ve written “When the following conditions exist” and listed Condition 1 to N. When I said “When the following conditions exist”, I meant “all the following” conditions should exist. Do be specific/accurate, should I have to modify my writing as “When all the following condition exist” Or “When the following conditions … Read more

Which should be the correct word in the given pragraph: Hermeneutics or Semantics?

While reading through the book on logics. I came across this paragraph. Paragraph is as-is from the book: Outline of Logic (Schaum’s) At this point we give a rigorous formulation of the intended interpretation (semantics) of the five logical operators. The semantics of an expression is its contribution to the truth or falsity of sentences … Read more

Single word to replace “allowed to be missing”

I want to express my knowledge about the presence of absence of something. My knowledge is divided into three different cases: I know that the thing doesn’t exist. I don’t know whether the thing exists. I know that the thing exists. Sadly, neither of those is the negation of another one. However, I can define … Read more

Understanding the purported ambiguity in “Every boy didn’t run”

I am a com­puter sci­ence pro­fes­sional. I am read­ing the book Nat­u­ral Lan­guage Un­der­stand­ing by James Allen where he writes: “Every boy didn’t run” which is am­bigu­ous be­tween the read­ing in which some boys didn’t run and some did and no boys ran. As I am not a na­tive English-lan­guage speaker, I couldn’t un­der­stand the … Read more

What is the logic behind “better suited”

I’m confused about the expression "better suited." I’m editing a piece that addresses how to write a particular type of article for a particular website. Logically, which is better: Structurally, the news format is better suited to the customer success story … Structurally, the customer success story is better suited to the news format … … Read more

Logical term for when an object is the same thing as itself

I’m trying to see if there’s a word for this in English and having some problems making a definition in my program. I want to say that two objects are not only have identical properties/values but that these objects are in fact one and the same thing. Not that they’re equivalent, not that they are … Read more

Is there a word (or shorter/clearer phrase) for “incorrect implication/suggestion”?

Example sentences: I don’t drink bleach very often. Why does one plus one equal three? The first sentence seems to suggest that I do drink bleach occasionally, even though from a strictly logically perspective, “never” drinking bleach meets the criteria of “not very often” too. The second sentence can’t be answered because it presumes that … Read more