How does “to discharge” develop to mean “to do everything necessary to perform and complete a duty”?

What’s the logical derivation behind definition 3 of to discharge: 3. Do all that is required to perform (a duty) or fulfil (a responsibility): How does the etymology (listed in that link and here) lead to the foregoing meaning? Etymonline: early 14c., “to exempt, exonerate, release,” from Old French deschargier (12c., Modern French décharger) “to … Read more

Why named ‘deduction’ and ‘induction’?

I want to dredge below these two terms; I’m not asking about the definition or concept, which I perceive thanks to and my math studies. How do these two words consist with their respective meanings in logic? deduce = …from de- “down” (see de-) + ducere “to lead” (see duke (n.))… induce: … Read more

How does ‘according as’ = ‘Depending on whether’ ?

I’ve read the definition and am not asking about it: according as = ‘Depending on whether’ Instead, I’d like to learn how to anatomize/unravel according as to determine/deduce this definition on the right hand side: ‘Depending on whether’. Please explain the steps or thought processes? It was used here. What part of speech is as … Read more

How to reason the etymology – “to proscribe”

Would someone please explain the etymology behind this verb? I’m aware of the etymological fallacy, but still want to dredge below and ask not about its definition. Down below on that webpage, it’s written under ‘Origin’: late Middle English (in the sense ‘to outlaw’): from Latin proscribere, from pro- ‘in front of’ + scribere ‘write’. … Read more

Strange structure of “is in a shambles”

When I said “is in a shambles“, a native speaker of American English corrected me, saying it should be “is in shambles.” And it makes sense, because in my case you have a (represents singularity), and shambles, which is plural. Sounds strange—”a shambles.” But nevertheless it is also correct. The question is how do you … Read more

Are there any solid reasons for the “-st”, “-nd”, “-rd”, and “-th” suffixes for numbers?

Is there any reason why we say 1st, 2nd, 3rd and the rest (4, 5,.. 10,..) are all -th except the one ending in 1, 2, 3? Why does it change specifically for 1, 2, 3? Answer Historical accident. First derives from the same root as fore, before, in the superlative grade—it meant, originally, “fore-est”, … Read more