Terms for different types of soil (pictures included)

As a non-native speaker, I’m struggling to describe environments comprehensibly and detailedly. The following picture shows typical ground in a forest, and I would most likely call it earth or soil. But how would one describe the following coarse, stony ground that can occur in certain similar surroundings — forestland, that is, even though less … Read more

The grammatical number of “Newfoundland and Labrador”

Some of the confusion among the posted answers causes me to add this prefatory note: There is one province called Newfoundland and Labrador. There is no province called Newfoundland and there is no province called Labrador. “Newfoundland and Labrador is” or “Newfoundland and Labrador are“? I think I would write “Newfoundland and Labrador is the … Read more

Capitalising names of geographical/tourist terms

I’m translating a series of short tourism-related texts from Croatian to English and I can’t find definitive answers for some of my dilemmas: Names of waterfalls / caves / trails & word order Are they capitalised the same as river / mountain / etc.? Is there a rule on whether they should be used before … Read more

Name for the peak of a plateau

The highest point; the flatland. Ex: Summit is to mountain/hill as _____ is to plateau. Would summit just be acceptable in itself? Answer By definition, “a plateau” consists of relatively flat terrain that is raised significantly above the surrounding area. If any part of a plateau is raised significantly to form a peak, it won’t … Read more

Term for derogatory suffix used with city names?

When speaking of a city in negative terms one might attach a prefix/suffix to the city name. This nickname is a portmanteau that implies a derogatory tone. Most often this will be a negative term but can also be another geographic name. Is there a specialized term for this use? I’m particularly interested in a … Read more

Why do we say latitude and longitude instead of longitude and latitude?

Latitude measures degree from the equator and longitude measures the degree from the prime meridian, each corresponding to the x-axis and y-axis of the world. However, normally when we are talking about axes we say the x-axis and then y-axis, so it should be longitude and latitude, but we refer to it the other way. … Read more