Which is the correct tense: “earth was/is round”?

Maybe it’s very simple but I’m wondering which one is correct. Google search has showed me both forms are used. “He said the earth was round.” “He said the earth is round.” Answer Both the sentences are correct. It depends on what context and which tense you are using it. For example: Past tense: Aristotle … Read more

Reported speech – “last January”

How would you change the time expression in the following sentence into a reported-speech form? “We have not been to London since last January?” What about “the last January?” Or, is there no change? Answer Next Month Jan 2019 we can say for Jan 2018 “We have not been to London since last January.” This … Read more

What is the overarching category for Direct and Indirect Speech called in English?

While terms like direct and indirect can be classified within a broader category (object, governance etc.), I am not sure how to classify direct and indirect speech. I thought it could be just speech, but found no evidence of that. What is the one-up here? Answer Direct and indirect speech are subsumed under the term … Read more

We decided that if they do not leave the place in one day, we would surely force them out. To use ‘do not’ or ‘did not’ in this sentence?

We decided that if they do not leave the place in one day, we would surely force them out. We decided that if they did not leave the place in one day, we would surely force them out. Difference between using ‘do not’ and ‘did not’ in the above sentences? Answer Your second sentence is … Read more

Reported/Indirect Speech and Past Simple with when. Can they get confused with each other?

Going straight to the point, let’s say that I have a sentence like He asked when the train arrived. How can I tell whether this is a Past Simple (As soon as the train arrived he asked) or Reported Speech (He: "When does the train arrive?"). Is there a way to distinguish between them? Or … Read more