What does Middle English “bihiȝten” mean?

What does Middle English “bihiȝten” mean? Wycliffe’s Bible (page 87) Mk.14:11 Studylight: “And thei herden, and ioyeden, and bihiyten to yyue hym money. And he souyt hou he schulde bitraye hym couenabli.” King James Bible: “…And when they heard it, they were glad, and promised to give him money. And he sought how he might … Read more

In 1395, why was “her” used instead of “their”?

Why was “her” used here? Wycliffe Bible Mk.1:20 In accordance with studylight.org: “…brother, in a boot makynge nettis. 20 And anoon he clepide hem; and thei leften Zebedee, her fadir, in the boot with hiryd seruauntis, and thei suweden hym. And thei entriden” I think, that “their” should be used instead. Answer In Middle English, … Read more

How does the “reverse syntax” in Middle English work?

I was reading the Romance of Tristan and I came across the passage: “Therefore did Tristan claim justice and the right of battle and therefore was he careful to fail in nothing of the homage he owed King Mark, his lord.” I see these kinds of grammar reversals a lot in older English, like: “Quickly … Read more

How is ‘wl-‘ pronounced?

How is ‘wl-‘ pronounced at the beginning of a word? Of course, you just don’t pronounce it at all, because there is no English word that begins that way and if there were, well, that’s just not English there can’t be any. Also, even though there are many possible arbitrary consonant sequences, some that just … Read more