Section of paper, excluding sub-sections, without using section numbers

How to refer to a section of a paper excluding sub-sections, without using section numbers? For my example text: … 3 Example section Example section text 3.1 Example subsection … 3.2 Example subsection … I would like to comment on the example section text, without the comment including subsections 3.1 and 3.2. You might call … Read more

lack of page numbering

What do you put in a reference when the page lacks numbering? Is there any abbreviation to denote such a case? I’m working on some manuscripts that are numbered only on the front side. I refer to them as folium, abbreviated fol. Unfortunately, some of the sheets aren’t numbered at all(???) Answer The Chicago Manual … Read more

Where was the term “A1” first used?

The Merriam-Webster dictionary says that “A1” means “of the finest quality” and it says that the term was first used in the year 1801 (with no reference): However it does not give any information about the origin of the word. Wiktionary says the phrase comes from the classification of ships. A1 ships were the … Read more

Is it wrong to use “last” instead of “latter” to address the second element in a list of two?

I am reviewing an academic paper written by somebody else. At some point in this work the second element in a list of two elements is addressed as “the last”. I immediately reached for the red pen to change it into “the latter”, but then the doubt came: is there any rule prohibiting the use … Read more

Should a comma be included when listing age?

When listing age under someone’s name for reference, does there need to be a comma between “age” and the number? My company is running an ad for a beauty supplement featuring our brand ambassador for the product. The main image is a headshot of our ambassador with her name and her age listed below. In … Read more

Footnote and citation at the end of a sentence

According to this, footnote marks should come at the end of the sentence, after the punctuation, like The inner flow is then reflected at this boundary, leading to an oblique expansion shock (also named reflection wave).4 Sadly, I don’t remember where, but I think that references go like this: The inner flow is then reflected … Read more

What comes after (Primary,unary),(secondary,binary),(tertiary,ternary),…?

I was curious to know what comes after: Primary, secondary, tertiary, … This Oxford website says it is “quartenary, quinary, …” But they are already taken! Unary, binary, ternary, quaternary, quinary, … And according to this EL&U post deriving from the Latin originals should give: Primary, secondary, tertiary, quartary, quintary, … Wiktionary says that “quartary” … Read more

what does the second “it” refer and how to understand “should we so choose”?

We meet at a time of both of immense promise and great peril. It is entirely up to us whether we lift the world to new heights,or let it fall into a valley of disrepair. We have it in our power should we so choose to lift millions of poverty,to help citizens to realize their … Read more