resulting from or resulted from?

Which one of these sentences is correct? For an academic paper The third theme resulting from focus group interviews was cultural barriers. The third theme resulted from focus group interviews was cultural barriers. what about these phrases? Table 4.1 Themes resulted from the interviews of step 1 Table 4.1 Themes resulting from the interviews of … Read more

What part of speech is “almost” when applied to an adjective?

If I say that “the box is almost flat” what part of speech is “almost”? I can’t say “the box is almost”, so it does not appear to be an adjective itself. It seems to be a word that modifies the adjective “flat”. I note that the online definitions say it is an adjective and … Read more

Subject/Object Confusion in The Silmarillion

In Tolkein’s “The Silmarillion”, page 216 of the chapter “Of Túrin Turambar”, the following is written: “[…] this Wildman was the Mormegil of Nargothrond, whom rumour said was the son of Húrin of Dor-lómin.” Ignoring the array of proper nouns, shouldn’t the subclause read “WHO rumour said was the son […]”, as “who was” is … Read more

Why the comma is used in the sentence by Jane Austen

I cannot understand the usage of comma after “chapel” in this sentence: Its long, damp passages, its narrow cells and ruined chapel, were to be within her daily reach, and she could not entirely subdue the hope of some traditional legends, some awful memorials of an injured and ill-fated nun. Why is a comma used … Read more

Singular or plural after Subject + modal + base form of the verb

For example: A well thought-out system streamlines operation, improves work process, reduces data redundancy….. If can is added to the sentence, should the following verb be singular or plural? A well thought-out system can streamline operation, improve work process, reduce data redundancy….. or A well thought-out system can streamline operation, improves work process, reduces data … Read more

Help regarding the subject in a sentence

Could anyone please tell me what would be the subject in the following sentence which I have taken from the National Geographic website: Providing pools of water for frogs when other water is scarce is just one of the ways elephants engineer ecosystems. Also, I am confused about what would be the direct object as … Read more

crashed out in practice for the Australian grand prix

An English dictionary gives the following example sentence: Schumacher crashed out in practice for the Australian grand prix. I’d like to know how to parse “crashed out in practice for the Australian grand prix.” Does “crashed out” form a unit? Or is “out in practice” a unit? Some dictionaries define “crash out” as “to lose … Read more

Can someone PLEASE tell me what the gerunds and participles are in these sentences? PLEASE

Dozing in the sun at the beach after swimming, limbs exhausted, salt dring stiff in my hair. Cutting up vegetables into neat pieces. Flying into a city and at night seeing the lit gauze of its streets from the air. Cycling on a balmy night when the streets are quiet. Taking a bath when I’m … Read more

Is ‘too big of an issue’ correct?

Recently, when writing an email, I used the following phrase: ‘I hope this does not cause too big of an issue’ However, in their response, the recipient (an English teacher) said that he was ‘not too sure about the grammar of “too big of an issue”‘ (with no further comment). However, this site seems to … Read more

For the expression “bumf**k, Egypt”, is “bumf**k” an adjective and “Egypt” a noun?

I’m asking about the structure of the expression. If the answer is YES, then what’s the reason for the comma. Besides, which Egypt is meant, “The Arab Republic of Egypt” or that “region of Illinois”, near Chicago? — Edited: I’m not a native English speaker. Answer This is another example of how important the context … Read more