Connotations of “inevitable” versus “unavoidable”

“Inevitable” and “unavoidable” have near-synonymous definitions per stock Google dictionary searches, and both words stem from the same Latin root, but I’ve also seen broad acknowledgement that they bear different connotations.

I’ve always treated “unavoidable” as pertaining to circumstances not relating to time, and “inevitable” as pertaining to circumstances that do pertain to time. That is, an event is inevitable if and only if it is unavoidable over an infinite time horizon. Call this [A].

Other online grammar sites have suggested:

  1. “unavoidable” implies an event will occur because of a choice that was made or because of a failure to take due action (that is, it was not always unavoidable), while “inevitable” implies the event is intrinsically unavoidable [B]

  2. “unavoidable” pertains to small-scale events, while “inevitable” pertains to much larger and more significant events [C]

  3. “inevitable” implies predestination (i.e. fate) while “unavoidable” does not [D]

  4. “unavoidable” is used mainly to stress the fact that an event could not be prevented, while “inevitable” places emphasis on the fact that the event must occur [E]

  5. there is no difference between the words and they’re interchangeable in all contexts [F]

Which, if any, of these interpretations is correct, and why?

Answer

Generally considered synonyms, the two term have actually different shades of meaning as shown in the following extract: inevitable : (from Wiktionary)

Usage note:

  • Largely synonymous with unavoidable, slightly more formal (borrowed as a unit from Latin, rather than formed in English), and with nuances of a natural consequence that occurs after – “inevitable punishment”, “inevitable result”. By contrast, unavoidable has some nuance of existing circumstances – “I was unavoidably detained.” – without there necessarily being a cause.

  • Further, unavoidable has nuances of “could not have happened any other way, even if circumstances were different”, while inevitable connotes “given circumstances, this is the necessary result.” Compare “the disaster was inevitable”, meaning “sooner or later the disaster would happen (because they did not prepare)” with “the disaster was unavoidable”, meaning “even if they had prepared, the disaster would have happened”.

  • Often used with a negative connotation, but may be used with a positive or neutral sense of fate, as in “Given our preparations, our victory was inevitable.” in which case *unavoidable is not acceptable.

  • In the same manner, impreventable and inevitable have different nuances. The sense “the disease was inevitable” means “It was natural to suffer the disease”; the sense “the disease was impreventable” means “There was no preventive methods against the disease”.

  • Thus, “inevitable” indicates “unable to avoid due to natural or necessary matters”, “unavoidable” indicates “unable to avoid due to incidental matters”, impreventable indicates “unable to avoid due to the absence of preventive methods”.

Ngram shows a wider use of inevitable vs unavoidable.

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Source : Link , Question Author : COTO , Answer Author : Community

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