The scene was not without a mixture of awe, such as must always
invest the spectacle of guilt and shame in a fellow-creature, before
society shall have grown corrupt enough to smile, instead of
shuddering at it.
(Nathaniel Hawthorne,The Scarlet Letter)
‘As’ seems to take the role of relative pronoun, and as-clause modifies ‘a mixture of awe.’ Is this right understanding?
I agree with you that ‘as’ in question is a relative pronoun.
6 formal used to refer only to people or things of a particular group or kind
such … as/who/that
Such individuals who take up this role often find life frustrating.
such of something/somebody as
Such of you as wish to leave may do so now.
source: Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.
‘Such’ is a pronoun and used for ‘such awe’.
Source : Link , Question Author : Listenever , Answer Author : JayHook