“Nervous” vs. “anxious”

Are these words interchangeable? When would you use one over the other?

For example, is it correct to say you “feel nervous” or “feel anxious”? Is it correct to say you are an “anxious person” or a “nervous person”?

The Oxford Dictionaries website defines anxious as “feeling … nervousness … about something with an uncertain outcome” or “… characterised by nervousness”. Nervousness is defined as “the quality or state of being nervous”. Nervous is defined as “anxious or apprehensive”. It seems circular to me.

In fact, one of the example sentences of “nervous” is:

The days are gone when I am going to get nervous about games or worry about whether or not I play well.

Yet, according to the definition of “anxious”, it sounds to me that “anxious” would be a better fit, since it relates to “something with an uncertain outcome”.

Answer

Informally, anxiety and nervousness are practically synonyms.

However, “anxious” has a stronger connotation that someone has a specific object of concern.

For instance, you can be “anxiously awaiting” something, and the phrase “nervously awaiting” doesn’t substitute for it without changing the meaning.

Someone anxiously awaiting is simply tense with anticipation or eagerness, whereas someone nervously awaiting is filled with some sense of dread.

A key example would be this:

I see some of you are { anxious | *nervous } to get going, so I will try to fast forward to the end of my speech.

Here, basically “anxious” denotes a state of the eagerness to get going (due to impatience and boredom). This state shows up as nervous-looking fidgeting, which the speaker notices in the audience, prompting the remark. People are glancing toward their exit or looking at their watches, showing signs of wanting to get out of their seats, and so forth.

“To feel anxious” when no specific object is given, or “to feel anxious about something” is the same as “to feel nervous” or “to feel nervous about something”.

“To feel anxious for something” or “to feel anxious to do something” have no analogy in “to feel nervous”: you cannot be nervous for your next paycheck, but you can be anxious for it, and you cannot be nervous to leave, but you can be anxious to leave.

On the other hand, ironically, anxiety is also a psychological term as in “anxiety disorder”. This is a severe form of chronic nervousness which is not called “nervousness disorder”. A sufferer from anxiety disorder, however, is not called (by a professional psychiatrist) “an anxious person”, because that has connotations of a temporary state: someone who is temporarily nervous for some good reason.

Outside of psychology, in ordinary language, to be nervous has stronger connotations of a persistent mental state than anxious. It would be better to describe someone who has an anxious/nervous personality as “a nervous person”, or a “chronically/habitually anxious person”. The phrase “nervous person” has less of an need for such qualification; the habitual aspect of it somewhat more understood.

Attribution
Source : Link , Question Author : jason_ruz , Answer Author : Kaz

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