Recently, I learned about another meaning for the word “Salute”: A firecracker.
However, I could find this definition in only one online dictionary (M-W):
- firecracker (q.v.)
… together with a Wikipedia article, which says:
In pyrotechnics, a salute is a device primarily designed to make a loud
report (bang), rather than have a visual effect, although most salutes
will also have a very bright flash.
(1) He opened his packet of salutes, worked one free and inserted the fuse into the cigarette. [Operation Snow Owl/Walden]
(2) Anybody remember the day-go-bomb and the 8-inch salute? Well, boys and
girls, those were fireworks you could buy in the days when the Fourth
of July was something more than just a quiet summer holiday. [Kiplinger’s Personal Finance]
But someone had stuck a two-inch salute firecracker into the cake,
fuse up, and it was lit along with the matches. When the salute went
off, it didn’t leave a bit of a cake on the plate. [Tramp Printers/Howells]
What’s the reason for the absence of this meaning in almost all (online) dictionaries? Is it not in use anymore (despite quite up-to-date Google results)?
From Alexander Hardt, Pyrotechnics (2001), page 184 [PDF]:
The word salute is sometimes used as a generic term for any explosive firework, but is really only correct for one which produces a single loud bang as its only effect. The term is derived from military usage, where, especially in the Navy, a blank cannon load or an exploding rocket was often used as a greeting to friendly forces.
When people in the United States began to build powerful and loud explosives for amateur use in celebrations like the Fourth of July, they applied the name "cannon salute" or simply "salute" to them as well.
A 1905 publication by George Murray, identified as "Inspector of Combustibles," lists, in 152 pages, the Laws, Ordinances and Regulations Governing the Manufacture, Storage[,] Sale and Use of … Explosives and Combustible Material in the City of New York. Among the banned explosives listed are the following:
(h) Salutes containing chlorate of potash and sulphur.
(i) All bombs or report shells containing chlorate of potash and sulphur in admixture.
(j) All bombs of any description larger than four inches in diameter.
(k) All cannon salutes.
"Cannon salutes" thus were a class of percussion firecrackers so-named because they approximated the report of a blank-filled cannon. Various sources report that these explosives were banned early in the 20th century because they acquired a bad reputation for blowing off hands and arms of inexpert users.
Firecrackers called "salutes" today are (relatively) weak imitations of the powerful, deafening, early-20th-century "cannon salute" firecrackers; but the name has lingered even as cautionary tales of one-armed victims of Fourth of July mishaps have faded.