What topicalizing role does “do” play in “Only now do we have what we need to move forward”?

In the sentence “Only now do we have what we need to move forward”, the word do clearly has some emphasizing meaning. But I would like a more precise understanding. Topicalization and fronting are somehow involved . Is do turning the verb have into the topic? But do is not a placeholder in fronted position … Read more

Double fronted adverbials with the same meaning

For me, double fronted adverbials make sense and sound fine when they have different meanings or tones, for example: Slowly, without enthusiasm, he picked up the board and… But in some texts I’ve noticed the writer using two fronted adverbials with practically the same meaning. As an example: Apparently, so they said, everything in this … Read more

Reference Request on Preposition Fronting

Currently reading "A Student’s Introduction to English Grammar" by Geoffrey K. Pullum and Rodney Huddleston. Consider the following contrast between the phrasal verbs ask for and come across. "The information for which I asked."—is given as grammatical. "The information across which I came."—is given as ungrammatical, as in this case preposition fronting is not allowed. … Read more

“Here he comes”, “Here comes he” : The order of pronoun and verb in inversion

It’s very common to say: "Here he comes." "Here comes the man." But what about: "Here comes he." "Here the man comes." Is there a rule about the order of noun and verb in inversion? It will be too much if all the inversions are considered, so let us talk about adverb inversions only, such … Read more

Changing word order in a sentence

‘With no man more than Pope are such personal considerations relevant and cogent.’ -History of English Literature, by Edward Albert Why are is used prior to the subject ‘such personal constructions relevant and cogent’. I know ‘Fronting’, where we move prepositional phrase at the start of the sentence to create emphasis. But can we do … Read more

Is the word “there” an adjective in this sentence

CONTEXT: I can’t find my ring. Oh, there it is. Is the word “there” an adjective in the sentence above? or is it a pronoun? For me it looks like the word “it” is the pronoun, but I’m not completely sure. Answer “There” is an adverb in your sentence – specifically a locative adverb or … Read more