“Do you have any wine left?” Is this “have something done” or the past participle form of leave as an attributive

In the sentence “Do you have any wine left?” I think left is the past participle form of the verb “leave” and it is now an adjective. Am I right? Answer You are right. We can use past participle as adjective. For example, I am excited. About the question in the title, I think the … Read more

The sentence sounds incorrect but comes from respectable book, please review and advise

Current social standards and a sense of morality in our culture have led to the rejection of prostitution. It has been cast it aside as a deviant behaviour by the prostitute and the client. —The Contemporary Dictionary of Sexual Euphemisms, 1st ed., 2007 Please advise, is the second “it” in “It has been cast it … Read more

Use of infinite/-ing: to have someone do something or to have someone doing something

I have a question regarding the use of infinite/-ing (or past participle?) in the following sentence. Which one is correct between “Firms often have some of their executives sitting on the board of competitors.” and “Firms often have some of their executives sit on the board of competitors.” ? If both forms are wrong, could … Read more

Could I sometimes indicate completed actions using the passive version of the present tense?

The work is done – The work was done. The action is finished – The action was finished For example, I have just finished my work and say The work is done but when I explain something in the present tense and say the work is done by machines it has nothing to do with … Read more

If the past participle of “say” is “said”, and “lay” is “laid”, why the one of “stay” is not “staid”?

I know about the word “staid”. Does the past participle of “stay” is “stayed” to avoid confusion with this word? Or the “staid” past participle existed at some time, but it was supplanted by “stayed”, like “dreamed” is replacing “dreamt”? Answer You seem to be trying to use two irregularly spelled words as a basis … Read more

Can “taken” be used without an auxiliary verb? “When taken to this extreme…”

Is it correct to use “taken” without an auxiliary (helping) verb? For example: In some cases, a more powerful racial group justifies the domination and, horribly, even the complete destruction of ethnic or racial minorities they consider to be inferior. When taken to this extreme, genocides such as the European Holocaust and the massacre in … Read more

Is something “candidate” or “candidated” to become a standard?

The context is technical in the IT field. Taking for example the https protocol would you say: The https protocol is candidate to become in the main standard or The https protocol is candidated to become the main standard. To me it seems candidate is more suitable for people rather than for things. Also is … Read more