A beginner programmer or a beginning programmer

I’ve seen both structures being used but I’m not sure if one is correct and the other not. Other examples: a killer virus or a killing virus, a killer machine or a killing machine? Are there guidelines or rules about when to use the forms noun-er + noun and participle + noun? Answer This is … Read more

Why can we use *waiting* (present participle) with *grew* (past simple)?

Why can we use waiting (present participle) with grew (past simple)? The children, waiting for the play to begin, grew bored. Sentence is from Participial Phrase Worksheet at Sinclair.edu. Answer The first part of the sentence does NOT mean: The children **are waiting** for the play to begin. Instead it should be understood as: While … Read more

Use of -ing after while

In the following two sentences, there is -ing after while: While exploring the paths of program, we established a natural partitioning of paths on-the-fly based on program dependencies – such that only one path in a partition is explored. Any method which covers various possible behaviours of a given program while avoiding path enumeration, can … Read more

Can ‘make’ have ‘having fluttered’ as its objective complement?

Even though grammar books says ‘make’ don’t have present participle as its objective complement; this sentence “The potion makes the moths having fluttered and all dead” seems to be not ungrammatical. Because ‘having’ in this sentence is not a present participle but an auxiliary. Is the sentence grammatical or not? Answer It seems that this … Read more

When do we double the consonant before ‘-ing’ affix?

My son is learning how to spell. He is doing a good job listening to sounds and working out spelling that way (which doesn’t work for many words, but at least a lot of common ones), but although he’s gotten the -ing chunk, he frequently misses doubling letters in these words. Is there a guideline … Read more