Why do psychology researchers frequently misplace commas, in relationship to coordinating conjunctions?

If a comma belongs next to a coordinating conjunction, it should precede (see Should I use a comma before "and" or "or"?, https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/punctuation/commas/extended_rules_for_commas.html). However, many of published research articles I’ve viewed as a psychology student, and I believe the majority of my textbooks, frequently place the comma after a coordinating conjunction. It’s extremely frustrating; it’s … Read more

I need a suitable verb for research

I want to list some researches done by some people on a specific topic.can I say : “a research was conducted by Smith et al……. what verbs are suitable for research? Answer “A research was conducted by …” does not use research as a verb; it’s a noun there. Try study instead where you refer … Read more

Etymology of “fairy”

All the standard dictionaries–with the notable exception of the OED–seem to trace the etymology of fairy through Old French fae to Latin fata, meaning “the fates” or “the goddess of fate”. As a classical languages major with primary focus on Latin, I find this etymology of fairy doubtful. I can buy the origin from French, … Read more

what does “known to fail” mean?

I read this phrase in “Curvelet based residual complexity objective function for non-rigid registration of pre-operative MRI with intra-operative ultrasound images.” 2016: In the intensity-based methods, proposing a proper similarity measure is the main challenge, particularly in multimodal image registration. In this area, due to different nature of two imaging modalities, objective functions which are … Read more

A word meaning ‘enacted as law, but not yet implemented as social practise’

I’m trying to recall a word I saw in the Dictionary.com word of the day a few months back that meant something like a protection or ideal or a right that had been enacted merely as a law without having yet been assimilated into the ordinary practise of society. Can anyone help me remember this … Read more

Deciphering two words from their Archaic spellings

I am translating the 1509, first English Translation of Sebastian Brant’s The Shyp of foyls (The Ship of Fools), and came across two words which, for the life of me, I could not construe or make legible. The following are the two words, as they are spelled, in excruciatingly archaic fashion, in the text: putueaunce … Read more

What is the pronoun “their” being used to refer to?

The biofilms are able to break down the pesticides that contaminate aquatic environments and modify their structure, diversity and functioning. Here’s the whole text: A team from Cemagref in Lyon (FR) has identified a pertinent indicator of the level of pollution in rivers: the biofilm.A complex combination of bacteria, algae and fungi, the biofilm forms a … Read more

What are the differences between practical implications, insightful implications, and limitations of a research study?

A reviewer asked me in three separate questions about each of these sections. However, I do not understand the differences between practical implications, insightful implications, and limitations of a research study. It seems that practical implications and limitations refer to the same things, but if this is true, why did the reviewer ask in different … Read more