What do we call an adjective made of a verb?

What do we call adjectives formed from verbs? For example:

  • Lost is an adjective made from lose,
  • Forgotten is an adjective made from forget,
  • Broken is an adjective made from break.

What is the technical term for such adjectives? Do they have a name at all?

Answer

The word you’re looking for is participle. Wikipedia has a good summary, including the following discussion of English participles:

English verbs have two participles:

  1. called variously the present, active, imperfect, or progressive participle, it is identical in form to the gerund; the term present participle is sometimes used to include the gerund. The term gerund-participle is also used.

  2. called variously the past, passive, or perfect participle, it is usually identical to the verb’s preterite (past tense) form, though in irregular verbs the two usually differ.

Your examples are all of the past participle. The present participle is formed with -ing.

Attribution
Source : Link , Question Author : Saeed Neamati , Answer Author : JSBձոգչ

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