Extracted from an English cloze test:
…..these virtual selves exist in the same online spaces that many people use every day. And this is a new and unfamiliar phenomenon that some people might find___________ — previously dead people were not present in this way.
- be troubled
- to trouble
The answer is 3 because the key said find troubling stands for find it to be troubling, but I don’t understand why it stands for that. I want to know what grammatical topic is related to this sentence.
Well, there’s a lot happening here.
Here is a shorter version of the sentence in question:
This is a phenomenon that some people might find troubling.
The bold part is a relative clause. We can re-write this sentence without the relative clause, like this:
Some people might find this phenomenon troubling.
In this new sentence, the word “troubling” is an adjective, and the bold part (“this phenomenon troubling”) is a small clause. The phrase “to find this phenomenon troubling” means “to feel that this phenomenon is troubling.” So we can re-write this sentence again, like this:
Some people might feel that this phenomenon is troubling.