See:The meeting will be held in a conference room at 10:00 am.
Is there any problem if I change the position of these two words in the sentence like “The conference will be held in a meeting room at 10 am”?
Short answer: no conferences belong in conference rooms. Meetings you can potentially have anywhere.
conference from Latin conferre (bring together)
which is almost the same like meeting
Meeting is more of an encounter.
A conference (a bringing together) implies more effort. Usually a conference also takes longer than a (relatively quick) meeting.
So a meeting room might just be a simple room for a quick meeting. (all meeting rooms these days, at least at my workplace, seem to have conference capable phones in here anyway, so the distinction is blurry)
A conference room might be more sophisticated with video conferencing equipment or dedicated presentation facilities.
You can have a meeting in a conference room, as you can meet in any other room say the kitchen or bathroom.
You could also have a conference in the canteen, or the bathroom even though I don’t think that is considered best practice.
So having a conference in a meeting room might not make sense, since the meeting room might be to small and lack the proper equipment. Speaker facilities, video conferencing facilities.