What’s the grammatical role of “for you” in “I am waiting for you”?

What is the grammatical role of “for you” in “I am waiting for you”? Is it a direct object, a prepositional phrase or what? Functionally, it seems to be of an object, as “you” in “I love you”, but I am not sure how English labels objects of verbs which require a preposition.

Answer

The grammatical role of for you in

  1. I am waiting for you.

is that it is an optional argument to the verb. It is not an adjunct. It just happens to be a prepositional argument, not a core argument like subjects and objects are.

It’s also an argument here:

  1. She came looking for you.
  2. I made a cake for you.

If in #2 for you seems more obviously an argument than it does in #3, remember that #3 is just the dative alternation for the ditransitive two-object version:

  1. I made you a cake.

Attribution
Source : Link , Question Author : Alan Evangelista , Answer Author : tchrist

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