When did spelling “-ic” words “-ick” start/stop being popular?

I’ve been reading Gulliver’s Travels(1726) and noticed almost all words that we commonly spell ending “-ic” are instead spelt “-ck” such as publick or politick.

Researching online I can’t find any information about these spellings except that they are archaic or obsolete. These also don’t seem to be the original spellings as they do not appear in Shakespeare.

Were these spellings popular in the 17/18th century? Was there a spelling reform which introduced them?


Apparently its usage was common till early 1800s.


In Middle English and after often spelled -ick, -ike, -ique. Variant forms in -ick (critick, ethick) were common in early Modern English and survived in English dictionaries into early 19c.

This spelling was supported by Johnson but opposed by Webster, who


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