Why do “prisoner” and “jailer” mean different things?

If jail and prison are (at least nearly) synonymous, why does jailer refer to the captor, and prisoner refer to the captive?

Answer

The short answer would be that jail may be used as a verb, but prison is verbed only in archaic poetry (imprison takes its place in ordinary modern speech). People may be jailed, but who ever says they are prisoned?

Attribution
Source : Link , Question Author : Daniel , Answer Author : Robusto

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